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 ISSN 1996-3300

International Business
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White-Collar Crime and Criminals

Petter Gottschalk
White-collar crime can be defined in terms of the offense, the offender or both. If white-collar crime is defined in terms of the offense, it means crime against property for personal or organizational gain, it is a property crime committed by non-physical means and by concealment or deception. If white-collar crime is defined in terms of the offender, it means crime committed by upper class members of society for personal or organizational gain.

A Case Study Analysis of Transferred Practices Within MNCs: The Actor Network Theory

Janis Hilaricus
This paper investigates how transferred practices influence regular work practices within MNCs. The author studied knowledge transfer within a French multinational corporation (MNC) using the Actor Network Theory (abbreviated as ANT). ANT offers a suitable framework for analyzing the process of adoption of a transferred practice by subsidiaries of MNCs. Findings indicate that the adoption of transferred practices by foreign subsidiaries is a very uneven process. Some units and managers support adoption and use of the technology; others do not. There are also some surprising side effects of using Lotus Notes software, particularly increased communication between the Brazilian and Mexican subsidiaries.

Business and Cimate Change: Key Challenges in the Face of Policy Uncertainty and Economic Recession

Kolk, Ans
Climate change is seen as the most pressing environmental problem of our time by many companies, policymakers and other stakeholders. It is currently also at the forefront of attention in view of attempts to conclude a successor to the Kyoto Protocol that expires in 2012. In bail-out plans and policies to address the economic recession and credit crisis, climate aspects have figured prominently as well. This article examines recent policy and economic developments and their relevance for business and climate change, considering the implications of the economic slowdown, declining oil prices and bail-outs. Dilemmas in the economy-climate-policy nexus in the current setting are also placed in the broader context related to innovating for climate change, to highlight some of the competitive, technological and market issues that need to be taken into account to break the present dead-lock that hinder radical moves to a low-carbon economy.

The Development of India's Small Car Path

Becker-Ritterspach, Florian A.A.

Becker-Ritterspach, Jutta C.E.
This paper explores the emergence, consolidation and challenges to India’s small car path in the passenger car industry. The paper shows that this path can only be properly understood if we consider the interplay of a wider range of context conditions, including political, social, economic and infrastructural conditions. The paper shows that while the state has played a pivotal role in creating the path, it was the socio-economic conditions that channelled the political choices. The paper also shows that although the government’s role in developing and sustaining the path has changed from an entrepreneurial to a framework setting role, the prevailing socio-economic conditions keep channelling the political action towards a small car path.

Business and Poverty - Bridges and Divides

Michael Blowfield
Can business be a genuine agent in tackling poverty? Is it asking too much to expect business to go beyond its conventional economic roles to become a more active, conscious, and accountable participant in the process of international development, and what are the consequences both for business and wider society if the private sector becomes a development agent? Is it something to be welcomed for the additional resources and comparative strengths it gives access to, or is it something to be wary of because of how it might influence the development process?

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