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 ISSN 1996-3300

Ethics
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Police Management Challenges: Motive and Brutality as Determinants of Jail Sentence for Crime by Police Officers

Petter Gottschalk
The prevalence of police deviance is a much-debated statistic and one that is often rife with problems. Based on 56 convicted police officers in Norway, court cases are analyzed in this paper to identify relationships between imprisonment days for convicted police officers and motive and brutality as determinants of each sentence. While there is a positive correlation found between severity of sentence and the extent of personal motive, there is a negative correlation between severity of sentence and the extent of brutality applied in policing.



White-Collar Crime and Criminals

Petter Gottschalk
White-collar crime can be defined in terms of the offense, the offender or both. If white-collar crime is defined in terms of the offense, it means crime against property for personal or organizational gain, it is a property crime committed by non-physical means and by concealment or deception. If white-collar crime is defined in terms of the offender, it means crime committed by upper class members of society for personal or organizational gain.



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